With Cigarettes Out of Favor, Many U.S. Teens Also Shun Pot

From Drugs.com - November 6, 2017

With Cigarettes Out of Favor, Many U.S. Teens Also Shun Pot

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 -- Today's American teens are smoking less than ever, and the trend may be keeping many from smoking pot, too.

That's the finding of a new study that tracked more than 1 million teens from 1991 to 2016.

But the news was not all good, the researchers said. Kids who think marijuana is "safe" are more likely than their peers to use the drug. That's a concern because more and more, teenagers do believe pot is fairly harmless -- and experts say it's not.

The findings paint a nuanced picture.

It's known that U.S. teenagers' pot use has held fairly steady over the past decade -- even though kids have become increasingly more likely to believe the drug is harmless.

And that's puzzling, said Richard Miech, a research professor at the University of Michigan who led the new study.

There's good evidence, he explained, that when teens believe pot is safe, they are more likely to use it in the next year.

Miech and his colleagues wanted to figure out why pot use in teens is not rising.

So they turned to a government-funded survey that has followed U.S. students since the 1970s.

Their conclusion: Teenagers today are not using pot in droves because they are much less likely to smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol than their predecessors were. Smoking, in particular, is a major factor in whether kids try marijuana, the researchers said.

For years, the study found, the percentage of teens who have ever smoked or tried alcohol has steadily dropped.

Cigarettes, in particular, have fallen out of favor. The percentage of kids who have smoked is now at "historic lows," Miech said.

In 2016, 28 percent of 12th graders said they'd ever smoked a cigarette. That was true of only 18 percent of 10th graders and 10 percent of kids in eighth grade.

And that seemed to explain why marijuana use has remained fairly steady since 2005 -- instead of skyrocketing as kids develop more friendly attitudes toward the drug.

"I think a big message of this study is that policies and interventions that reduce teen smoking seem to have the added benefit of reducing teen marijuana use," Miech said.

The findings appear online Nov. 6 in the journal Pediatrics.


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