Falls Among Elderly Cost $50 Billion Annually

From Drugs.com - March 8, 2018

Falls Among Elderly Cost $50 Billion Annually

THURSDAY, March 8, 2018 -- Falls by older Americans have devastating medical and economic consequences, reaching $50 billion a year, a new study finds.

"Falls among men and women 65 and older are a common, costly and growing public health problem," said lead researcher Curtis Florence, a health economist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

And as American "baby boomers" continue to age, strategies for keeping them fracture-free will become increasingly important, he said.

In 2015, payments for nonfatal falls cost Medicare nearly $29 billion and Medicaid $8.7 billion, while private and other payers laid out $12 billion, according to the report.

Medical costs for fatal falls accounted for more than $750 million.

In the United States, about 3 out of 10 adults aged 65 and older fall each year, the researchers said in background notes.

Beyond the financial toll, these mishaps can be individually devastating, said Dr. Maria Torroella Carney.

Falls can trigger the start of a senior's decline, leading to more care, and often a stay in a nursing home or long-term care center, said Carney, chief of geriatric medicine at Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

Injuries from falls are also linked to loss of function and independence and to death, she added.

Women who fall tend to suffer hip fractures, while men are more likely to incur head and brain injuries, Carney said. She was not involved in the study.

With about 10,000 Americans turning 65 every day, more falls are likely, with ever rising costs, Florence said.

For the study, Florence and colleagues used population data on seniors 65 and up from the National Vital Statistics System. Cost estimates came from the web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System for fatal falls and the Medicare Current Beneficiaries Survey for nonfatal falls.

Those hospitalized for falls were more likely to be women, white, older and poor, the researchers found.

Based on current estimates, falls could jump from about 29 million in 2014 to around 49 million in 2030, Florence said.

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